Political and diplomatic ties
In 1402 the great ancestor of the Uzbeks Amir Temur and his son Miranshah wrote letters to the King Henry IV of England offering to establish friendship relations between the nations and develop trade affairs. Thus, Amir Temur had sent Christian Archbishop John from Sultaniya (modern Iran) as his envoy to English and French courts. After a while, Henry IV sent his reply messages and expressed readiness for cooperation with Empire of Temurids. It is possible to consider this correspondence as one of the first facts of official diplomatic communications between the two nations, though it is known that the trade relations were developed very long before - owing to the Great Silk Road.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland recognized State Independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31st December 1991. Diplomatic relations were established on 18th February 1992.
Visit of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan HE Mr. Islam Karimov to the United Kingdom in November 1993 was an important step in development of bilateral political dialogue and mutually beneficial relations. Four bilateral agreements signed during this visit, together with 3 documents signed earlier in Tashkent by Mr. Douglas Hurd, then British Foreign Secretary, created legal foundation for cooperation in many important areas.
Currently there is a positive dynamics of bilateral cooperation in various fields. Delegations of different levels regularly visit the two countries. For over the recent years over 40 British delegations visited Uzbekistan. The sides hold political consultations between the foreign ministries, maintain a dialogue on Afghanistan.
Visit of the delegation of the Republic of Uzbekistan led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdulaziz Kamilov to Great Britain on November 19-22, 2013 has marked an important step in enhancing the relations of two countries.
An inter-parliamentary cooperation is one of the prospective spheres of bilateral ties. A Group of Oliy Majlis for Cooperation with the Parliament of Great Britain was established in August 2010. On September 22, 2010 a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Group of Oliy Majlis and “Britain-Uzbekistan” All-Party Parliamentary Group.
An Uzbek-British Trade and Industry Council (UBTIC) has been an effective mechanism of trade-economic relations. The 22nd session of UBTIC was held on the 18th November 2015 in London. .
In 2014, trade between Uzbekistan and Great Britain totaled USD 106,1 million of which USD 26,7 million accounts for export and USD 79,4 million – accounts for import. In January-April, 2015 the trade totaled USD 29,3 million of which USD 8,5 million was the export and USD 20,8 million – accounted for import.
Cultural and humanitarian cooperation is developing consistently, including the educational sphere. Since 2002 an International Westminster University has been operating in Tashkent. Meanwhile, in cooperation a Training-Experimental Center of High Technologies is being established with Cambridge University in Tashkent
Uzbekistan and the United Kingdom have been taking steps for more active political dialogue on issues of democratic development, judicial and penal system reforms, regional security and climate change.